Guy Fawkes Night/Gun Powder Plot
The year was 1605. A group of English Catholics plotted to blow up the House of Lords with King James and other important political figures in it. The group of English Catholics led by Robert Catesby planned to start a popular revolution with the destruction of the House of Lords, killing the King and other political leaders of Great Britain.
In March of that same year, the group rented a cellar beneath the Parliament which houses the House of Lords. The plan was to fill the room with explosive materials and blow the whole thing on the state opening of Parliament on the fifth of November that same year. Blowing up the cellar would also effectively destroy the parliament building.
The plan would have worked if not for an anonymous letter sent to William Parker, an attendee of the state opening of the Parliament, informing him of the plot to bomb the House of Lords. William Parker promptly informed the proper authorities, and a manhunt for the members of the plot ensued.
The man who was caught guarding the stash of explosives and powder when the raid happened, Guy Fawkes, was captured and tortured until he revealed the whereabouts of the other conspirators. The principal plotters were killed in the manhunt and the remaining members were sentenced to death.
This victory of the British flag over the bloody plot is celebrated every year. Every 5th of November, Bonfire Night or Guy Fawkes Night is celebrated. Bonfires are lighted in several locations and church bells are rung. In some cases, a fireworks display is presented. An effigy of Guy Fawkes is made and burned during the celebration.
Etymology Of the word GUY!
If Fawkes had not been caught, then on November 5th, 1605 England would have suffered an event that many have compared to 9/11, and civil war would’ve been inevitable.
Instead, tragedy was averted and Parliament enacted the “Thanksgiving Act” which established November 5th as a national day of celebration and collective uttering of “whew, that was a close one!”
November 5th has been celebrated for the past 400 years throughout Britain, appropriately, by blowing stuff up and lighting shit on fire. Fireworks and bonfires are always popular, and a feature of any November 5th celebration is also setting an effigy of Guy Fawkes on fire. What used to be called Thanksgiving Day is now as likely to be called Bonfire Night or Guy Fawkes Night.
Burning Guys was good, clean fun. Every November 5th, young scamps would gather the materials they needed to create Guy Fawkes effigies, and would spend the day carefully assembling their “guys” out of wood, leaves, and old discarded clothing. Then they’d parade their guys through the street.